Origins of Christmas

Every year after Thanksgiving, most people’s thoughts turn to Christmas. It is the time when professing Christians are supposed to focus on Jesus Christ. After all, it is the Christmassseason!
Christmas is thought by most to be a wonderful time, focusing the participants on giving, family togetherness, beautiful music and decorations, feasting on special foods and singing Christmas carols throughout the neighborhood . All of this is supposedly centered around the worship of Christ. Surely the Bible instructs us to do all this—right?
The answers will shock you!

Why do people think that Christmas is wonderful? Most never reflect on why they believe what they believe or do what they do. We live in a world filled with customs, but few ever seek to understand their origin. We generally accept them without question. Most people basically do what everyone else does—because it is easy and natural!

Let’s carefully examine the roots of Christmas. Let’s look at why people follow the customs associated with it. Why is it kept on December 25th? Did the early New Testament Church keep it? This article is filled with facts from history that, when placed together, paint a complete picture. Let’s avoid all assumptions and only accept what can be PROVEN!

Pagan Origin

In 1990, the Solon, Ohio (a Cleveland suburb) school board banned all nativity and other Christmas scenes on any school property because they felt it violated the separation of church and state. They were challenged in court when outraged parents opposed them, feeling that Christmas was being stolen from their children and the community. The board lost the case! The citizenry had contended that Christmas was a worldwide tradition that was not part of, and transcended, religion. It was deemed to be secular—a part of virtually all cultures worldwide.

The court decision affirmed that Christmas has no Christian roots! However, the court’s opinion also noted that Bible reading and prayer obviously are associated with Christ-ianity—a remarkable admission! The court concluded that Christmas-keeping and manger scenes could remain because they are not really part of either Christianity or religion—but prayer and Bible reading, which are, must remain excluded from schools!

Nearly all aspects of Christmas observance have their roots in Roman custom and religion. Consider the following admission from a large American newspaper (The Buffalo News, Nov. 22, 1984): “The earliest reference to Christmas being marked on Dec. 25 comes from the second century after Jesus’ birth. It is considered likely the first Christmas celebrations were in reaction to the Roman Saturnalia, a harvest festival that marked the winter solstice—the return of the sun—and honored Saturn, the god of sowing. Saturnalia was a rowdy time, much opposed by the more austere leaders among the still-minority Christian sect. Christmas developed, one scholar says, as a means of replacing worship of the sun with worship of the Son. By 529 A.D., after Christianity had become the official state religion of the Roman Empire, Emperor Justinian made Christmas a civic holiday. The celebration of Christmas reached its peak—some would say its worst moments—in the medieval period when it became a time for conspicuous consumption and unequaled revelry.”

Consider these quotes from the Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911 edition, under “Christmas”: “Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the Church…the first evidence of the feast is from Egypt.” Further, “Pagan customs centering around the January calends gravitated to Christmas.” Under “Natal Day,” Origen, an early Catholic writer, admitted, “…In the Scriptures, no one is recorded to have kept a feast or held a great banquet on his birthday. It is only sinners (like Pharaoh and Herod) who make great rejoicings over the day in which they were born into this world” (emphasis mine).

The Encyclopedia Americana, 1956 edition, adds, “Christmas…was not observed in the first centuries of the Christian church, since the Christian usage in general was to celebrate the death of remarkable persons rather than their birth…a feast was established in memory of this event [Christ’s birth] in the fourth century. In the fifth century the Western Church ordered the feast to be celebrated forever on the day of the Mithraic rites of the birth of the sun and at the close of the Saturnalia, as no certain knowledge of the day of Christ’s birth existed.”

There is no mistaking the origin of the modern Christmas celebration. Many additional sources could be cited and we will return to this later. Let’s begin to tie some other facts together.

It was 300 years after Christ before the Roman church kept Christmas, and not until the fifth century that it was mandated to be kept throughout the empire as an official festival honoring “Christ.”

Can Christ Be Honored by Christmas?

The most common justification that one will hear regarding Christmas is that people have replaced old pagan customs and intents by asserting that they are now “focusing on Christ.” I have heard many say that they are “honoring Christ” in their Christmas-keeping. The problem is that God does not say this is acceptable to Him! Actually, He plainly commands against it! Keeping Christmas dishonors Christ! He considers everything about it to be an abomination! We will soon see why.

Christ said, “But in vain they do worship Me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men” (Matt. 15:9). Christmas is not a command of God—it is a tradition of men. Christ continued, “Full well youreject the commandment of God, that you may keep your own tradition” (Mark 7:9). Every year, throughout the world, on December 25th, hundreds of millions do just that!

We will see that God plainly commands, “Follow not the way of the heathen.” But most people do not fear God, and He allows them to make their own decisions. Human beings are free moral agents—free to obey or disobey God! But woe to those who ignore the plain Word of God!

Was Christ Born on December 25th?

Christ was born in the fall of the year. Many have mistakenly believed He was born around the beginning of winter—December 25th! They are wrong! Notice the Adam Clarke Commentary, volume 5, page 370, New York edition: “It was custom among Jews to send out their sheep to the deserts about the Passover [early spring], and bring them home at the commencement of the first rain.” The first rains began in early-to-mid fall. Continuing with this same quote: “During the time they were out, the shepherds watched them night and day. As…the first rain began early in the month of March-esvan, which answers to part of our October and November [begins sometime in October], we find that the sheep were kept out in the open country during the whole summer. And as these shepherds had not yet brought home their flocks, it is a presumptive argument that October had not yet commenced, and that, consequently, our Lord was not born on the 25th of December, when no flocks were out in the fields; nor could He have been born later than September, as the flocks were still in the fields by night. On this very ground, the nativity in December should be given up. The feeding of the flocks by night in the fields is a chronological fact…See the quotations from the Talmudists in Lightfoot.”

Luke 2:8 explains that when Christ was born, “there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.” Note that they were “abiding” in the field. This never happened in December. Both Ezra 10:9-13 and the Song of Solomon 2:11 show that winter was the rainy season and shepherds could not stay on cold, open fields at night.

Numerous encyclopedias plainly state that Christ was not born on December 25th! The Catholic Encyclopedia directly confirms this. In all likelihood, Christ was born in the fall! A lengthy technical explanation would prove this point.

Since we now know that December 25th was nowhere near Christ’s actual birthdate, where did the festival associated with this date come from?

Now read this quote under “Christmas”: “In the Roman world, the Saturnalia (December 17) was a time of merrymaking and exchanging of gifts. December 25 was also regarded as the birthdate of the Iranian mystery god Mithra, the Sun of Righteousness. On the Roman New Year (January 1), houses were decorated with greenery and lights, and gifts were given to children and the poor. To these observances were added the German and Celtic Yule rites when the Teutonic tribes penetrated into Gaul, Britain and central Europe. Food and good fellowship, the Yule log and Yule cakes, greenery and fir trees, gifts and greetings all commemorated different aspects of this festive season. Fires and lights, symbols of warmth and lasting life, have always been associated with the winter festival, both pagan and Christian” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th ed., vol. II, p. 903).

A final quote about the selection of December 25th as the birthdate of Christ is necessary. Note an article in The Toronto Star, December 1984, by Alan Edmonds, entitled, “We owe a lot to Druids, Dutch”: “The Reformation cast a blight on Christmas. By then, of course, clever ecclesiastical politicians had adopted the Pagan mid-winter festival as the alleged birthdate of Jesus, of Nazareth, and thrown in a few other Pagan goodies to make their takeover more palatable.”

December 25th was not selected because it was the birth of Christ or because it was even near it. It was selected because it coincided with the idolatrous pagan festival Saturnalia—and this celebration must be carefully examined. In any event, we do not know the exact date of Christ’s birth. While God certainly could have made it known, He chose to hide it from the world’s eyes!

The most important thing is to celebrate family , Christ, Saturnalia, SANTA and anything else you feel that puts you in the holiday mood. Just know that its important to make memories and be with family

please follow me on twitter @kasondra_spears

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Travel tips

Traveling can be such a headache. The prep and the packing is stressful in itself let alone the actual flying and trying not to miss your flight (I’ve done that before – it’s not fun). And let’s not get started on roadtrips…

These are just a few simple tricks to make traveling so much easier and to lighten the load on your back because after all, traveling should be fun and easy, not stressful and back-breaking! Here are 36 amazing travel hacks that will make traveling a breeze (like the one you’ll feel while sipping a margarita on the beach).

1. Pack properly and save tons of space

36 Amazing Travel Hacks That Will Make Traveling a Breeze 0 - https://www.facebook.com/diplyofficial
via YouTube

2. The day before you travel, exercise a lot to avoid jet lag

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via Tumblr / n-ibble

3. To avoid tangled necklaces, thread your delicate necklaces through a straw

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via aubree lennon / Buzzfeed

4. A lot of planes have a hook to hang your things in front of you (so use it!)

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via flickr / Mark R

5. If you’re wondering which side the highway exit is on, take note of this:

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via AcidCow

6. Store your rings in a medicine holder while traveling

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7. Don’t let your dirty shoes touch your clean clothes. Pack them in a plastic shower cap

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via Francesco Mugnai

8. Pack a light-weight scarf in case it gets cold

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via flickr / Smitten Kitten Orig

9. Keep your clothes smelling great by placing a dryer sheet at the bottom of your suitcase

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via YouTube

10. Contact lens boxes are great for storing makeup on the go for some makeup touch-ups on the plane

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via aubree lennon / Buzzfeed

11. Always remember to pack an extra Zip-Loc bag for laundry

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via Pretzel Crisps

12. Hide some emergency money in a lip balm

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via Shameless Traveler

13. Don’t lose your earrings. Keep them safe by placing them in a button!

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via The Travel Writers Life

14. Left turns in the security line gets you out faster

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via imgur

15. Hide wine in your shoes

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via YouTube

16. Use a cereal box as a trash can on your roadtrips

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via theCHIVE

17. Use sunglasses cases as a way to store your chargers

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via Apartment Therapy

18. Protect your razor blade and your belongings by putting a binder clip on it

36 Amazing Travel Hacks That Will Make Traveling a Breeze 32 - https://www.facebook.com/diplyofficial
via Dinosaurs and Robots

19. Use a binder clip for your headphones

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via YouTube / Lifehacker

20. Pot holders are a great heat-safe case for hair tools

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via Dollar Store Crafts

21. If you’re ever stuck in a traffic jam, follow this advice:

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via izismile

22. Simultaneously have soap and a wash cloth by making this case:

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via Whimsy Love

23. Don’t buy travel-sized toothpaste more than once. Just refill it!

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via DIY & Crafts

24. Make travel-sized toiletries

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via Mighty Girl

25. Fill an old eyedropper with toothpaste

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via Brian Green

26. Need a spot for your iPhone while driving? Try this:

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via BoredSloth

27. Old medicine bottles are great for travel storage

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via Yesterday On Tuesday

28. Masking tape prevents shampoo, conditioner, and other liquids from spilling

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via YouTube / Sonia’s Travels

29. Have a dress shirt? Keep the collar stiff with a belt

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via YouTube / DaveHax

30. This is how you pack an entire suitcase EFFICIENTLY!

31. Roadtrip in comfort and style by packing an inflatable pool floatie

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via Funny Feeder

32. Save luggage space (and easily get past TSA) with toothpaste dots

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via Her Packing List

33. Car smelling a bit funky? Grab a box of opened dryer sheets

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via AcidCow

34. If you ever get lost while driving, these guys will help you out

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via Piximus

35. Store your loose bobby pins in an old Tic Tac container

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via Dump A Day

36. Last but not least, don’t forget to call your credit card company and let them know you’re traveling

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via Irish Banjo Travels

please follow me on twitter @kasondra_spears

The Power of Forgiveness

The practice of forgiveness has been shown to reduce anger, hurt depression and stress and leads to greater feelings of hope, peace, compassion and self confidence. Practicing forgiveness leads to healthy relationships as well as physical health. It also influences our attitude which opens the heart to kindness, beauty, and love.

Jesus understood the brokenness of the human condition. No one knows the human heart like him. He forgave tax collectors and prostitutes, and forgave his best friend Peter, for betraying him. On the cross, he even forgave the people who killed him. He knows that humans—all humans—are weak.

For us, though, it usually doesn’t help to know that those who have hurt us are weak. All we know is that we were injured and we can’t seem to get over it. Jesus’ command in the Lord’s Prayer seems too hard to obey:“and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us”; (Mark 6:12, NIV)

Our Father who art in heaven,
hallowed be thy name,
thy kingdom come,
thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread;
and forgive us our trespasses
as we forgive those
who trespass against us;
and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.

For thine is the kingdom
and the power and the glory
forever and ever. Amen

forgive

When we have been hurt, our instinct is to hurt back. We want to make the other person pay for what they did. But exacting revenge steps over the line into God’s territory, as Paul warned,

Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written:Vengence Is Mine-2C I Will Repay-21

says the Lord. (Romans 12:19, NIV)

If we cannot take revenge, then we must forgive. God commands it. But how? How can we let it go when we have been unjustly hurt, betrayed ?

The answer lies in understanding the Trinity’s role in forgiveness. Christ’s role was to die for our sins. God the Father’s role was to accept Jesus’ sacrifice on our behalf and forgive us. Today, the Holy Spirit’s role is to enable us to do those things in the Christian life we cannot do on our own, namely forgive others because God has forgiven us.

Refusing to forgive leaves an open wound in our soul that festers into bitterness, resentment, and depression. For our own good, and the good of the person who hurt us, we simply must forgive. Just as we trust God for our salvation, we have to trust him to make things right when we forgive. He will heal our wound so we can move on. 

Moving on, is a simple thing, what it leaves behind is hard.

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In his book, Landmines in the Path of the Believer, Charles Stanley says:

We are to forgive so that we may enjoy God’s goodness without feeling the weight of anger burning deep within our hearts. Forgiveness does not mean we recant the fact that what happened to us was wrong. Instead, we roll our burdens onto the Lord and allow Him to carry them for us.

Rolling our burdens onto the Lord—that’s the secret of the Christian life, and the secret of how to forgive. Trusting God. Depending on him instead of ourselves. It’s a hard thing but not a complicated thing. It’s the only way we can truly forgive.

We will know the work of forgiveness is complete when we experience the freedom that comes as a result. We are the ones who suffer most when we choose not to forgive. When we do forgive, the Lord sets our hearts free from the anger, bitterness, resentment and hurt that previously imprisoned us.

Most times, however, forgiveness is a slow process.

Matthew 18:21-22
Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother when he sins against me? Up to seven times?” Jesus answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times. (NIV)

This answer by Jesus makes it clear that forgiveness is not easy for us. It’s not a one-time choice and then we automatically live in a state of forgiveness. Forgiveness may require a lifetime of forgiving, but it is important to the Lord. We must continue forgiving until the matter is settled in our heart.

What if the person we need to forgive is not a believer?

I have found that prayer is one of the best ways to break down the wall of unforgiven in my heart. When I begin to pray for the person who has wronged me, God gives me new eyes to see and a new heart to care for that person. As I pray, I start to see that person as God sees them, and I realize that he or she is precious to the Lord. I also see myself in a new light, just as guilty of sin and failure as the other person. I too am in need of forgiveness. If God did not withhold his forgiveness from me, why should I withhold my forgiveness from another?

Is it okay to feel anger and want justice for the person we need to forgive?

This question presents another reason to pray for the person we need to forgive. We can pray for God to deal with the injustices, for God to judge the person’s life, and then we can leave that prayer at the altar. We no longer have to carry the anger. Although it is normal for us to feel anger toward sin and injustice, it is not our job to judge the other person in their sin.

Luke 6:37
Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. (NIV)

Why must we forgive?

The best reason to forgive is because Jesus commanded us to forgive. We learn from Scripture, if we don’t forgive, neither will we be forgiven:

Matthew 6:14-16
For if you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. (NIV)

We also forgive so that our prayers will not be hindered:

Mark 11:25
And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins.(NIV)

In summary and in closing, we forgive out of obedience to the Lord. It is a choice, a decision we make. However, as we do this “forgiving,” we discover the command is in place for our own good, and we receive the reward of our forgiveness—freedom.

forgiveness

 We must continue to forgive (our job), by faith, until the work of forgiveness (the Lord’s job), is done in our hearts.

Philippians 1:6
And I am certain that God, who began the good work within you, will continue his work until it is finally finished on the day when Christ Jesus returns. (NLT)

The Bible instructs us to forgive as the Lord forgave us:

Colossians 3:13
Bear with each other and forgive whatever grievances you may have against one another. Forgive as the Lord forgave you.(NIV)

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9 Steps

  1. Know exactly how you feel about what happened and be able to articulate what about the situation is not OK. Then, tell a trusted couple of people about your experience.
  2. Make a commitment to yourself to do what you have to do to feel better. Forgiveness is for you and not for anyone else.
  3. Forgiveness does not necessarily mean reconciliation with the person that hurt you, or condoning of their action. What you are after is to find peace. Forgiveness can be defined as the “peace and understanding that come from blaming that which has hurt you less, taking the life experience less personally, and changing your grievance story.”
  4. Get the right perspective on what is happening. Recognize that your primary distress is coming from the hurt feelings, thoughts and physical upset you are suffering now, not what offended you or hurt you two minutes – or ten years – ago. Forgiveness helps to heal those hurt feelings.
  5. At the moment you feel upset practice a simple stress management technique to soothe your body’s flight or fight response.
  6. Give up expecting things from other people, or your life, that they do not choose to give you. Recognize the “unenforceable rules” you have for your health or how you or other people must behave. Remind yourself that you can hope for health, love, peace and prosperity and work hard to get them.
  7. Put your energy into looking for another way to get your positive goals met than through the experience that has hurt you. Instead of mentally replaying your hurt seek out new ways to get what you want.
  8. Remember that a life well lived is your best revenge. Instead of focusing on your wounded feelings, and thereby giving the person who caused you pain power over you, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. Forgiveness is about personal power.
  9. Amend your grievance story to remind you of the heroic choice to forgive.

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I have had a very hard time with this and struggle with this everyday. How do I forgive someone/people who has grievously betrayed me and continues to do the same things with no remorse. We create our own demons when we fail to live a life were we sin and seek forgiveness when we know we will do the same sin again and again. I think people who ask for forgiveness if they are truly remorseful they will seek to change the bad behavior and not just continue on with it. They would seek to right the wrong committed to the person. I believe if you ask for forgiveness just alleviate your guilt you are truly not sorry for what you have done and are still wrong and the sin still lingers. Pray in your own way about those who have wronged you ask that they may be enlightened of their wrong ways and seek to make them right and ask for peace in your own heart and forgive those who trespass against you.

I welcome your comments

you can also follow me on twitter @kasondra_spears

Talk to you soon

Please check out my new series on Amazon about love, sin, betrayal ,and the human condition coming spring  2015

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Calvin and Hobbes were created from the political philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Calvin

Calvin and Hobbes is a daily comic strip by American cartoonist Bill Watterson that was syndicated from November 18, 1985 to December 31, 1995. It follows the humorous antics of Calvin, a precocious, mischievous, and adventurous six-year-old boy, and Hobbes, his sardonic stuffed tiger. The pair is named after John Calvin, a 16th-century French Reformationtheologian, and Thomas Hobbes, a 17th-century English political philosopher.[2][3] At the height of its popularity, Calvin and Hobbes was featured in over 2,400 newspapers worldwide. As of January 2010,[dated info]reruns of the strip still appear in more than 50 countries. Nearly 45 million copies of the 18 Calvin and Hobbes books have been sold.[1][dated info]

Calvin and Hobbes is set in the contemporary United States in an unspecified suburban area. The strip depicts Calvin’s flights of fancy and his friendship with Hobbes. It also examines Calvin’s relationships with family and classmates. Hobbes’ dual nature is a defining motif for the strip: to Calvin, Hobbes is a live anthropomorphic tiger; all the other characters see him as an inanimate stuffed toy. Though the series does not mention specific political figures or current events, it does explore broad issues like environmentalism, public education, philosophical quandaries, and the flaws of opinion polls.[4]

 

How are Hobbes the tiger and Thomas Hobbes related?

The tiger’s thoughts are based off those of Thomas Hobbes just like Calivin’s are based off of John Calvin. And they are hilarious.

How did John Locke influence Thomas Hobbes?

Thomas Hobbes’ theories on “The Social Contract” came before Locke’s. Hobbes influenced him, that is why many experts or historians claim that Locke’s ideas were “superior” and overall, more directly influential to virtually every democratic revolution following them. In reports, it is never sequenced as “Hobbes, in contrast to Locke…,” it is always comparing Locke’s ideas to Hobbes’.

Thomas Hobbs view about government was to impose order and demand obedience. He believed without government there would be war. believed that people were naturally selfish and wicked. His quote was, ” Without governments there would be war… of every man against every man.”  I was doing research for my class and wanted to actually do a paper on Calvin and Hobbes in stead of John Calvin and Thomas Hobbes but alas no choice so I thought I would share this interesting fact. I love Calvin and Hobbes cartoon but never put tow and two together.

Please follow me on Twitter @kasondra_spears

Is Monster Energy Drink: Secretly Promoting 666- The Mark of the Beast?

Beware of subtle symbols.

“Impersonal forces over which we have almost no control seem to be pushing us all in the direction of the Brave New Worldian nightmare; and this impersonal pushing is being consciously accelerated by representatives of commercial and political organizations who have developed a number of new techniques for manipulating, in the interest of some minority, the thoughts and feelings of the masses.” – Aldous Huxley, Preface to A Brave New World

Symbolism is the language of the Mysteries; in fact it is the language not only of mysticism and philosophy but of all Nature, for every law and power active in universal procedure is manifested to the limited sense perceptions of man through the medium of symbol. Every form existing in the diversified sphere of being is symbolic of the divine activity by which it is produced. By symbols men have ever sought to communicate to each other those thoughts which transcend the limitations of language. Rejecting man-conceived dialects as inadequate and unworthy to perpetuate divine ideas, the Mysteries thus chose symbolism as a far more ingenious and  ideal method of preserving their transcendental knowledge. In a single figure a symbol may both reveal and conceal, for to the wise the subject of the symbol is obvious, while to the ignorant the figure remains inscrutable. Hence, he who seeks to unveil the secret doctrine of antiquity must search for that doctrine not upon the open pages of books which might fall into the hands of the unworthy but in the place where it was originally concealed. —  Manly P. Hall, The Secret Teachings of All Ages, p. 38

“Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices. “ –  2 Corinthians 2:11

Monster energy drink has become one of the top energy drink brands in the world with its promotion of a super shot of enegry for high adrenaline sports and activities. But is this drink maker secretly promoting the Mark of the Beast of the Antichrist in its logo? We will explore.

The Logo

Monster’s everpresent logo is this symbol:

Certain blogs and websites have noticed that the logo is very similar to the Hebrew letter “Vav”. In the Hebrew Alphabet, every letter is also a corresponding number and Vav is the number 6. Thus the three Vavs in a row form 666, which is the Biblical number of the Beast:

In the Book of Revelation, the False Prophet, a spiritual leader who helps persuade the world to worship the Antichrist, will also institute the Mark of the Beast System, a global economic system by which all buying and selling by all people in the world will be controlled by a “mark” that is put into the hand or forehead. And that system also allows for someone to bear the “number of the beast”:

And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six [666]. Revelation 13:16-18

666 will be the official number of the Antichrist in the end times. And as occult societies who are actually welcoming his arrival look to prepare the masses for it, subtle subliminal ads and marketing can be found in pop culture today promoting this number.  In the case of Monster Energy, if this all seems to be coincidence, then the coincidences grow even stronger, when one sees the marketing slogan for the Monster Energy Drink:

Please watch this video clock the picture below

Notice that it says “unleash the Beast” which is precisely what the Bible describes in the end-times when the ‘Beast spirit’ that indwells the Antichrist will be released, enter the Antichrist and start a reign of terror, murder and destruction the world has never witnessed in its history.  If Monster Energy is indeed is doing this intentionally, it would just be part of a greater move to subtly prepare society for the coming of the false Christ. Buyer beware.

My only issue is when she said the upside down cross is witchcraft sorry that is not true. The upside down cross is called Saint Peters Cross since he did not want to be cruicified like Jesus so he was crucified upside down.  the symbol of satan is the infinity symbol with I think a cross on it no 100% sure google it. Also I think we can go down rabbit holes whith the can and Lorels 66 babolon color but we can not live in fear  we must have faith in good conquring evil and as long as we have hope their is light .

what do you think ? 

I personaly don’t think energy drinks are good for you since they contain a LOT of Caffeine in them that consuming too much can really hurt and kill you.

I welcome your comments on this .

please also follow me on twitter @kasondra_spears

Sit down for a spell …

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The practice of witchcraft is deeply rooted in history, and has—excuse the joke—conjured up some very interesting myths. Here are a few facts.

1. MOST WITCHES WEREN’T BURNED AT THE STAKE.

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The common image of a witch’s execution shows a large group of hysteric people surrounding the guilty person on a burning pyre—but immolation was not the primary means of execution used for those accused of witchcraft. During the Salem Witch Trials, no one was burned to death; all of the accused that pled their cases and were found guilty during the Trials in 1692 were hanged. In fact, no one found guilty of witchcraft was ever executed by burning in the American colonies—immolation wasn’t permissible by English law. But one person was pressed to death by large stones: Giles Corey, a man who refused to plead guilty or not guilty for charges of witchcraft during the Trials. The court found Corey guilty despite staying mute by using the French legal precedent of “peine forte et dure.” Corey is the only person in US history to be pressed to death by court order.

2. WITCH HUNTS DIDN’T SPECIFICALLY TARGET WOMEN.

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Historically-rooted misogyny led many to believe that women were somehow more susceptible to the dark arts or temptation by the Devil, and therefore more likely to be witches. For instance, the Laws of Alfred, written by King of Wessex Alfred the Great in AD 893, specified witchcraft as an expressly female activity. But men practiced, too, and were called many different names, including a wizard, a warlock, or a sorcerer.

Countless women and men were indiscriminately persecuted for witchcraft throughout history. During the Trier Witch Trials in Germany, which lasted from 1581 to 1593, a total of 368 people were executed—and many of the victims were leading male figures of the cities and surrounding villages, including judges, councilors, priests, and deans of colleges. In theWürzburg Witch Trial, which stretched from 1626 to 1631, 157 men, women, and children were burned at the stake for such random reasons as allegedly humming songs with the Devil to being a vagrant unable to give an explanation as to why they were passing through the town of Würzburg.

3. NOT ALL WITCHES WERE BAD.

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Even though we’ve got that common image of an evil witch—a warty old woman dressed all in black, riding a broomstick, with a pointy hat—anybody familiar with The Wizard of Oz knows that there can be good witches too! Glinda the good witch was a representation of the benevolent half of witchcraft, known as white magic. Historically, practitioners of white magic were known as white witches, and they were more folk healers than devious people out for double, double toil and trouble. However, writer C.S. Lewis reversed the notion for The Chronicles of Narnia saga, making one of the main antagonists the icy and evil White Witch.

4. PEOPLE COULD BE CONVICTED OF WITCHCRAFT WITHOUT ANY SOLID EVIDENCE.

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During the Salem Witch Trials, most of the legally-recognized evidence used against those accused of witchcraft amounted to spectral evidence, or “witness testimony that the accused person’s spirit or spectral shape appeared to him/her witness in a dream at the time the accused person’s physical body was at another location,” which was accepted “on the basis that the devil and his minions were powerful enough to send their spirits, or specters, to pure, religious people in order to lead them astray.” Other evidence used against them were so-called “Witch’s Marks” on their skin that allegedly proved they had made pacts with the devil. Contemporary research suggests these marks were possibly small ordinary lesions or supernumerary nipples.

5. WE DON’T KNOW WHERE THE WORD “WITCH” CAME FROM.

All the etymology geeks out there may or may not be surprised to know that the word “witch” is of indeterminate origin. The closest and most obvious possible origin is the Old English word wicce, which means “female sorceress,” and is the basic linguistic root for the modern day pagan religion, Wicca. Another more specific possibility is a split meaning coming from the Old English wigle, meaning “divination” and wih, meaning “idol,” both coming from the Proto-Germanic word wikkjaz, which means “necromancer,” or “one who wakes the dead.”

6. PEOPLE WROTE ENTIRE BOOKS DEDICATED TO WITCH HUNTING.

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In the 15th century, witchcraft was of grave concern to a lot of people, and major pieces of literature were written about witches. The most famous was the Malleus Maleficarum, a legal and theological document that became the de facto handbook on how to deal with witches and witchcraft, and spurred the nascent hysteria caused by witch-hunting in Europe that would last well into the 18th century. The book was written by two clergyman of the Dominican Order—Jakob Sprenger, the dean of the University of Cologne, and Heinrich Kramer, a theology professor at the University of Salzburg—and used Exodus 22:18, “You shall not permit a sorceress to live,” as its basis to detect and persecute any and all witches.

Even people as important as kings got in on the action. James I of England’s 1597 book,Daemonologiewas a treatise that threw his support behind the importance of the practice of witch hunting. James himself even presided over the 1590 North Berwick Witch Trials when he believed a devious Earl plotted to overthrow the then-King of Scotland with the help of a coven.

7. A POPE ONCE CONFIRMED THAT WITCHES EXIST.

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The Catholic Church saw witchcraft as a threat to all of its followers. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a papal bull titled “Summis desiderantes affectibus” (“Desiring with supreme ardor”) that recognized the existence of witches, saying, “many persons of both sexes, heedless of their own salvation and forsaking the Catholic faith, give themselves over to devils male and female,” and that they “afflict and torture with dire pains and anguish, both internal and external, these men, women, cattle, flocks, herds, and animals, and hinder men from begetting and women from conceiving, and prevent all consummation of marriage; that, moreover, they deny with sacrilegious lips the faith they received in holy baptism; and that, at the instigation of the enemy of mankind, they do not fear to commit and perpetrate many other abominable offences and crimes, at the risk of their own souls, to the insult of the divine majesty and to the pernicious example and scandal of multitudes.” The papal bull effectively gave Kramer and Sprenger—the writers of the Malleus Maleficarum—the God-given authority to begin their Inquisition.

8. LAWS ABOUT WITCHCRAFT WERE IN PLACE IN THE MID-20TH CENTURY.

Technically, England’s Witchcraft Act of 1735 was still official and on the books until 1951, when it was replaced with the Fraudulent Mediums Act. The language of the original Act wasn’t about persecuting witches per se, but rather made it illegal for people to claim that others were witches. Yet being legally convicted meant that you purported to have the powers of a witch—and in fact, a woman named Jane Rebecca Yorke was found guilty in 1944 under the law, though she was convicted mostly because she was defrauding people with bogus séances.

9. WITCHES PROBABLY DIDN’T WEAR POINTY HATS.

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The origin of the association of the broad-brimmed, pointy hat with witches is murky at best. One school of thought is that it is based on the peaked cap Jews were required to wear after a 1215 decree by Pope Innocent III. Rampant anti-Semitism soon caused folks to associate heretics, pagans, and demons with wearers of the so-called Judenhat. In the early 1700s, the image was co-opted by artists who immortalized the image in paintings of the old hag in the witch’s hat we know today.

10. WITCHES REALLY DID “FLY” ON BROOMSTICKS, IN A WAY.

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The origins of the broom as a witch’s preferred mode of transportation is … pretty weird. People who practiced witchcraft experimented with herbs and potions in rituals that may have used the mandrake plant. Mandrake contains scopolamine and atropine, two alkaloids that cause feelings of euphoria in low doses and hallucinations in higher doses.

The rituals—performed in the nude—called for the participants to rub an herbal ointment containing the mandrake on their foreheads, wrists, hands, and feet as well as on a staff that they would “ride.” The friction of the ointment-coated staff on the witches’, uh, lady parts would absorb the ointment into their system and cause a floating sensation—and their description of that feeling is what perpetuated the symbol of the witch flying on a broomstick.

Blessed Be this Halloween

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Vampire Lore something to sink your teeth into before Halloween

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The Great New England Vampire Panic

Two hundred years after the Salem witch trials, farmers became convinced that their relatives were returning from the grave to feed on the living

Because this was Griswold, Connecticut, in 1990, police initially thought the burials might be the work of a local serial killer named Michael Ross, and they taped off the area as a crime scene. But the brown, decaying bones turned out to be more than a century old. The Connecticut state archaeologist, Nick Bellantoni, soon determined that the hillside contained a colonial-era farm cemetery. New England is full of such unmarked family plots, and the 29 burials were typical of the 1700s and early 1800s: The dead, many of them children, were laid to rest in thrifty Yankee style, in simple wood coffins, without jewelry or even much clothing, their arms resting by their sides or crossed over their chests.

Except, that is, for Burial Number 4.

Bellantoni was interested in the grave even before the excavation began. It was one of only two stone crypts in the cemetery, and it was partially visible from the mine face.

Scraping away soil with flat-edged shovels, and then brushes and bamboo picks, the archaeologist and his team worked through several feet of earth before reaching the top of the crypt. When Bellantoni lifted the first of the large, flat rocks that formed the roof, he uncovered the remains of a red-painted coffin and a pair of skeletal feet. They lay, he remembers, “in perfect anatomical position.” But when he raised the next stone, Bellantoni saw that the rest of the individual “had been com­pletely…rearranged.” The skeleton had been beheaded; skull and thighbones rested atop the ribs and vertebrae. “It looked like a skull-and-crossbones motif, a Jolly Roger. I’d never seen anything like it,” Bellantoni recalls.

Subsequent analysis showed that the beheading, along with other injuries, including rib fractures, occurred roughly five years after death. Somebody had also smashed the coffin.

The other skeletons in the gravel hillside were packaged for reburial, but not “J.B.,” as the 50ish male skeleton from the 1830s came to be called, because of the initials spelled out in brass tacks on his coffin lid. He was shipped to the National Museum of Health and Medicine, in Washington, D.C., for further study. Meanwhile, Bellantoni started networking. He invited archaeologists and historians to tour the excavation, soliciting theories. Simple vandalism seemed unlikely, as did robbery, because of the lack of valuables at the site.

Finally, one colleague asked: “Ever heard of the Jewett City vampires?”

In 1854, in neighboring Jewett City, Connecticut, townspeople had exhumed several corpses suspected to be vampires that were rising from their graves to kill the living. A few newspaper accounts of these events survived. Had the Griswold grave been desecrated for the same reason?

In the course of his far-flung research, Bellantoni placed a serendipitous phone call to Michael Bell, a Rhode Island folklorist, who had devoted much of the previous decade to studying New England vampire exhumations. The Griswold case occurred at roughly the same time as the other incidents Bell had investigated. And the setting was right: Griswold was rural, agrarian and bordering southern Rhode Island, where multiple exhumations had occurred. Many of the other “vampires,” like J.B., had been disinterred, grotesquely tampered with and reburied.

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Vampires

Everyone knows that vampires suck … your blood!!!! Seriously though, do you know the history behind modern vampire lore? These creatures of the night have been lurking around for a very long time, although the princes and princesses of darkness have taken on different guises and mythologies throughout the ages.

Here are some things you probably didn’t know about vampires. If the items on this list are old news to you, you might want to take a look in the mirror and check for a reflection … your blood! Okay. Didn’t work so well that time.

Why Vampires Have No Reflection

Harry Engels, Getty Images

According to legend, when a human dies and then returns to the world as a vampire, he or she no longer has a soul. The unlucky individual is now a vampire. It was once believed that mirrors cast back the image of the body and the soul; therefore if you didn’t have soul, you couldn’t have a reflection.

Mirrors also used to contain some silver (not anymore, so don’t go and break yours up trying to score beer pennies), which could also have made a vampire’s reflection hard to see. Silver, as pretty much everyone knows, is toxic to the undead. Seriously, if you don’t know that, what have you been doing with your life? Enjoying it? Pfffffft.

The Egyptians Had Vampires… Sort Of

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Proof!

Ancient Egyptians had all kinds of gods. The warrior goddess Sekhmet had the very bad habit of walking among men, slaughtering them and then drinking up all of their blood. Apparently she needed thousands of jugs of blood, sometimes mixed with beer, either to quench her incredible thirst or because she was an unstoppable party animal. One of her nicknames was the “Lady of the Bloodbath.” Another was “Lady Who Maybe Stole My Cellphone.” If she ever is reincarnated, you might want to refrain from inviting her over for your next Halloween costume party, because she will ruin bobbing for apples like *that.*

What Do You Call a Group of Vampires?

Christopher Furlong, Getty Images

We would call them dorks.

Let’s see, cows are grouped together in herds, geese gather in gaggles, fish in schools….What would you call a large group of vampires flying your way? Well, other than “nothing good is about to happen,” you could officially say, “Look, there’s a brood, clutch, clan, coven or pack of vampires over there. Maybe we should head in the opposite direction. Wait, I dropped my thesaurus. Don’t leave me, only frieeeend!”

Dracula Was Not a Nice Guy

All right, the fact that the historical Dracula wasn’t a nice guy is stating the obvious, but the level of his evil is actually quite shocking. It was said that Vlad of Walachia, who also went by “Vlad the Impaler,” never ate a meal without Ottoman Turks, impaled on stakes, dying all around him. This 15th century Romanian monster left, at one time, 20,000 corpses stuck on pikes outside of his castle as a warning to all who would dare challenge him. When a corpse became too rotten to display any longer, Vlad had no problem making a new one to take its place. Apparently, he took his nickname very seriously. (“Vlad the Home Decorator” never quite took.)

Vampire Defense

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This doesn’t always work.

If a vampire bites you, not all hope is lost. Different societies believed there were different cures for the affliction known as vampirism. Here are some things you can do if you suspect those marks on your skin aren’t from a mosquito, or you want to keep an unwanted vampire away:

– Eat lots of garlic

– Gather hawthorn branches and use them as a repellent (they also make lovely wreathes)

– Bury potential vampires face down so they’ll dig the wrong way when trying to get out (vampires are mad dumb, yo)

– Spread salt around the house

– Wear a cross (a no-brainer)

– Decapitate the vampire bothering you

– Wear iron (not silver) jewelry

– And last but not least, scatter seeds around your house because vampires like counting them and can get distracted, which will give you time to escape.

Unusual Ways to Become a Vampire

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Depending on the culture a vampire came from, there were a lot of interesting ways a vampire could be “made.” In Romania, for example, people used to believe a child could simply be born a vampire if the right spell was cast during or before the birth. Other fun ways you could become a member of the club of the undead were partaking of lamb meat slaughtered by a wolf, being a Satanist or a witch, committing suicide, letting a cat or dog walk above the newly departed, or being buried (after you die, of course) in the wrong manner. And here you thought all it took was a simple bite on the neck.

The Word ‘Vampire’ Has Many Possible Roots

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There is some disagreement among scholars about the true origins of the word vampire.  It might be Hungarian, Romanian or Turkish in origin, or perhaps the word even came from Hebrew. Other theories speculate the word dates all the way back back to ancient Greece, where it might have come from the verb “to drink.” Regardless of the origin of the word, the terror it has so often inspired remains the same everywhere, because people don’t really care about word origins when a monster is trying to eat them.

Vampire Pumpkins and Watermelons, Really?

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Okay, vampire pumpkins and watermelons might not sound scary, but in the Balkans people actually once believed that gourds posed a real threat. If a pumpkin or watermelon was left outside for too long after picking, and especially if it wasn’t gobbled up before Christmas, the fruit in question could turn into a vampire. Even though this kind of food wasn’t deemed desirable, an undead pumpkin was a low-level threat, because without teeth, the fruit had no way of biting its potential victims.

Britain’s Prince Charles Might Be Related to Dracula

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Yep, it seems Prince Charles just might be a descendant of the historical Dracula, also known as Vlad of Walachia, or to his more intimate associates, “Vlad the Impaler.” At least that’s what some historians think, and if you doubt the future monarch of Great Britain could ever be related to such a tyrant, Charles has even admitted the fact himself. He stated that genealogy has proven his kinship with the dastardly prince. Because of this, Charles once joked that he had, “A bit of a stake in the country (Romania).” Peasants being impaled by the thousands. Hilarious!

A Real Disease Causes Vampire Like Symptoms

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The very rare, and unusual, group of diseases known as “porphyria” can actually cause vampire-like symptoms. That said, the disease is something you definitely don’t want, just in case any of the ‘Twilight‘ fans out there were hoping for a chance at the romantic and glittery vampire life. People afflicted with this condition suffered from a severe sensitivity to sunlight, hallucinations, paranoia, possible madness and a host of other debilitating conditions. The disease has been associated with vampires in the past, but in reality, it only gives its victims a vampire’s weaknesses, but none of vampire’s strengths. So basically it turns you into Count Duckula. A vampire that eats broccoli? What a wuss.


Happy Halloween

Please follow me on twitter @kasondra_spears

Be careful of who you betray..

A beautiful, pure-hearted young woman, Maleficent has an idyllic life growing up in a peaceable forest kingdom, until one day when an invading army threatens the harmony of the land. Maleficent rises to be the land’s fiercest protector, but she ultimately suffers a ruthless betrayal – an act that begins to turn her pure heart to stone. Bent on revenge, Maleficent faces a battle with the invading king’s successor and, as a result, places a curse upon his newborn infant Aurora. As the child grows, Maleficent realizes that Aurora holds the key to peace in the kingdom – and perhaps to Maleficent’s true happiness as well.After watching this  movie today I saw magic for the first time since may 2012 . This story was well written and is a great movie sure to be a classic. This movie can be a testiment to how man uses things he knows nothing about and then villifies it when its starts fighting back. People can relate to Maleficent for who among us have never felt the crushing pain of being betrayed.

my message is be careful who you betray…..

Download “Once Upon a Dream” on Google Play: http://goo.gl/O9JAxb

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I love to hear from you so please leave commments

Happy Halloween

Do YOU believe in ghosts?

Are These Photos of Ghosts Real? Regardless, They’re Super Creepy! These eerie and infamous photos with ghostly impressions may just make you think so…even if you’re a bit of skeptic.Whether or not you believe that ghosts are real supernatural entities, or merely figments of the collective human imagine, you’ll likely feel tingles running down your spine as you look over these super spooky photographs in which ghosts have allegedly been captured on film.

Taken in 1997 shortly after the woman pictured moved into a nursing home.

Taken in 1997 shortly after the woman pictured moved into a nursing home.The man’s face seen behind her looks a lot like her husband, who had been deceased for three years at the time the photo was taken. The photographer claims that no man was standing behind the woman at the time she took the photograph…

The Tulip Staircase Ghost, 1966

The Tulip Staircase Ghost, 1966Taken by retired clergyman Rev. Ralph Hardy in the Queen’s House section of the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, England, this photo has not been manipulated or altered in any way, according to experts.

Bachelor’s Grove Ghost, 1991

Bachelor's Grove Ghost, 1991Bachelor’s Grove is said to be a very haunted grove in Illinois. This photo was taken by during a paranormal investigation conducted by the Ghost Research Society, who insist that no woman was present at the time that the picture was taken.

Ghost in Manila, 2000

Ghost in Manila, 2000Despite this looking at first glance like a case of double-exposure, neither of the girls in this photograph taken in Manila, Phillipines reported being touched or passed by another person while their picture was being taken. To add to the creepiness, the photo was shot with a digital camera.

The Ghost of Freddy Jackson, 1919

The Ghost of Freddy Jackson, 1919This group portrait of a squadron taken at the HMS Daedalus training facility in 1919 looks perfectly normal save for one detail…the clear face of a man named Freddy Jackson, who died in an accident two days prior to the picture being taken.

The Girl in the Fire, 1905

The Girl in the Fire, 1905On November 5, 1905, a fire ravaged Wem Town Hall in Shropshire, England and burned the building to the ground. A man named Tony O’Rahilly took several photos from across the street, but neither he nor the firefighters recalled seeing a little girl at the scene.

(As it turns out, this photo is a hoax, though the identity of the little girl remains a bit of a mystery).

The Brown Lady, 1936

The Brown Lady, 1936This is perhaps one of the most famous ghost pictures ever taken. As the story goes, Indre Shira and Captain Hubert C. Provand were taking photographs of Raynham Hall in Oyster Bay, NY in 1936, when Indre Shira saw a ghostly, misty figure slide down the staircase. Some claim that this is the ghost of Lady Townshend, who had been confined in the mansion by her husband until her death in 1726.

Boothill Graveyard Ghost

Boothill Graveyard GhostA friend of Terry Ike shot this photograph in Boothill Graveyard, in Tombstone, Arizona. Terry having been styled to look like an Old West man from the 1880s for the purpose of historical recreation of the Clanton Gang. Even though no one was around at the time the photo was taken, a mysterious figure that appeared to be rising from a grave appears in the background.

What’s even creepier? Many think that the ghost is holding a knife.

The Back Seat Ghost, 1959

The Back Seat Ghost, 1959This eerie photo was taken by a woman named Mrs. Mabel Chinnery while visiting a graveyard with her husband.

After snapping several pictures of the site, she took an impromptu photo of her husband in the car, and when they developed the film, they were shocked to discover what appears to be another person in the back seat who was not present when it was taken…

Haunted Bereau, early 20th century

Haunted Bereau, early 20th centuryThis photo was taken by well-known photographer, Montague Coopera, at the request of a furniture dealer sometime in the early 20th century. When the film was developed, the shadow of a hand clearly appears…could it be the ghost of a previous owner, reluctant to part ways with it?

Happy Hallowen

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How to write a good story premise. Part 2

Editors ask: What is your story about? They want to know your emotional premise, your simple three to six word premise

Before you write your story, while you are writing your story, or after your story is finished you must know what your premise is. You must know what your story is about.You must know what it is you prove with the characters and the situations in your story.

Are you proving that poverty plus distrust leads to crime?

Are you proving that faith versus fear leads to success?

Are you proving that ambition plus jealousy leads to failure?

However, the goal, motivation, and conflict of your protagonist is the one upon which the proof of your story’s premise should be based.

A premise is what you, the author, set out to prove in your story. With your premise, you are saying to your readers, given these characters and this situation, human nature is such that it will end up this way. It is a very short emotional summary of your story that says this human emotion, quality, or condition struggling against an extremely negative emotion, quality, or human condition leads to a final changed human condition at the end of your story. It doesn’t always have to happen that way in real life. However, it’s that way in your story.

Your premise is a message for your readers that when two particular human emotions, qualities, or conditions are pitted together, you come up with a concluding emotion, quality, or condition.

The same premise can be used for different stories. A premise is universal.

Emotional Premises for Movies

Blind Side (2009) Premise: trust plus compassion leads to family.

Saying, proverb, cliche: One person can make a difference.

Love Story (1970) Premise: courage versus illness leads to unselfish love

Saying: Perfect love means unselfishness.

Confessions of a Shopaholic (2009) Premise: addiction plus respect leads to love.

Saying: Practice What You Preach

Fatal Attraction (1987) Premise: love versus obsessive jealousy leads to death

Saying: What Goes Around, Comes Around

Liar Liar (1997) Premise: lies plus love leads to divorce; truth plus forgiveness leads to reunification

Saying: Lies Catch Up with You in the End

Make your main character with one of these, struggle for or against one of these, and end up with one of these emotions, traits, vices, virtues, qualities, or conditions of his/her body, soul, and mind.

Emotions, Traits, Vices, Virtues, Qualities, and/or Conditions of the Body, Soul, or Mind

abundance, acceptance, accusation, addiction, admiration, affection, alienation, ambition, anger, annihilation, anxiety, apathy, approval, attention, authority, awareness, awe, beauty, belief, belonging, betrayal, blame, brutality, challenge, chaos, cheerfulness, choices, coming of age, competition, compassion, commitment, confidence, contempt, cooperation, corruption, courage, cowardice, creativity, crime, curiosity, death, debt, deception, dedication, desire, despair, destitution, destruction, dignity, disillusionment, disapproval, disaster, disbelief, discomfort, disgust, dishonesty, disrespect, distress, distrust, divorce, doubt, dream, education, enlightenment, enthusiasm, envy, equality, experience, etiquette, evil, excitement, failure, faith, faithfulness, fate, fear, forbidden, forgiveness, freedom, friendship, fun, fury, future, gain, generosity, genius, good, gratitude, greed, grief, guilt, handicap, happiness, hatred, honesty, honor, hope, humility, humor, hunger, identity, independence, indignation, individuality, initiation, injustice, innocence, insanity, intelligence, interest, isolation, jealousy, joy, justice, judgment, kindness, knowledge, lack, legal, lies, life, loneliness, loyalty, marriage, materialism, money, morality, murder, nature, nobility, order, obsession, oppression, pain, panic, passion, past, patience, peace, pity, power, peace, persecution, perseverance, pleasure, possibilities, poverty, principles, prejudice, pride, problems, protection, punishment, rage, rebelling, rebirth, redemption, rejection, relationship, religion, respect, responsibility, revenge, reverence, reward, romance, ruin, rules, sacrifice, sadness, satisfaction, security, selfishness, self-doubt, sex,  shame, shelter, sickness, sinfulness, sorrow, spirit, starvation, stinginess, stubborn, success, suffering, suicide, surprise, survival, talent, taxes, tenderness, terror, thankfulness, thirst, time, tragedy, trapped, triumph, trust, truth, understanding, unfairness, ungratefulness, valor, vengeance, violence, vulnerability, war, wisdom, wealth, wonder, work, and wrongdoing.

Use the Practice Chart below and put what you think would happen with the two traits I’ve chosen. Make your own chart listing the premise for each of the stories you have written. Write a premise for ten of your favorite movies. Write a premise for ten of your favorite novels.

 Practice Chart for Writing a Premise

Your Character with what trait?

+ Dilemma Conflict Struggle

Has to Fight Against What Trait?

Leads to What Result?

Extreme Positive or Negative  Emotion, Quality, or Condition Conflict with, struggle against or fight for powerful, emotion, quality, or condition Leads to Different Extreme Positive or Negative Emotion, Quality or Condition
1. extreme love extreme disgust leads to what?
2. extreme respect extreme fear leads to what?
3. extreme peace extreme hate leads to what?
4. extreme perseverance extreme greed leads to what?
5. extreme loyalty extreme envy leads to what?
6. extreme curiosity extreme cowardice leads to what?
7. extreme humility extreme grief leads to what?
8. extreme courage extreme lust leads to what?
9. extreme faith extreme suffering leads to what?
10. extreme hope extreme hunger leads to what?

I have heard people call this a theme, rather than a premise. Regardless, you have to have it, you have to know it, you have to believe it 100%. After you have your premise, you can write your pitch and the events of your story from the beginning, middle, and the end. Your premise will be proved by your story. Universal emotions and conditions that are understood by all human beings is transferred to your reader, and you will have a best seller.

Books That Discuss Premise

Art Of Dramatic Writing (1946,1960) by Lajos Egri free download of Chapter 1http://www.writerswrite.com/fiction/egri.htm

How to Write a Damn Good Novel (1987) by James N. Freyhttp://www.amazon.com/Write-Damn-Novel-Step—Step/dp/0312010443

How to Write a Damn Good Novel, II (1994) by James N. Freyhttp://www.amazon.com/How-Write-Damn-Good-Novel/dp/0312104782

How to Write a Damn Good Mystery (2004) by James N. Freyhttp://www.amazon.com/Key-Write-Fiction-Using-Power/dp/0312300522

Goal, Motivation, and Conflict by Debra Dixon http://www.amazon.com/Goal-Motivation-Conflict-Building-Fiction/dp/0965437108

The Key: How to Write a Damn Good Fiction Using the Power of Myth (2000) byJames N. Frey http://www.amazon.com/Key-Write-Fiction-Using-Power/dp/0312300522

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